3M’s legal fight over combat-grade earplugs

3M's legal battle over combat-grade earplugs

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Nathan Frei, a previous active-duty infantry officer who served from 2011 to 2015, very first acknowledged concerns with his hearing in 2013, quickly after returning from training with the U.S.Army Nate was related to ringing in the ears and now is among more than 200,000 complaintants taking legal action against 3M over its Combat Arms earplugs.

Nathan Frei

Former active service U.S. army infantry officer Nathan Frei states from 2011 to 2015 he went through a few of the most extreme training that the U.S. Army needed to use. With it, came loud sounds– whatever from weapons to helicopters to surges.

To safeguard his hearing, Frei used basic problem earplugs made by 3M

Today, he is among more than 200,000 military service members and veterans taking legal action against the corporation. 3M stock, which struck a brand-new 52- week low Wednesday, is among the worst-performing commercial stocks this year, down more than 16% in 2023, versus the XLI Industrials ETF, which is down 1.5% year to date.

Plaintiffs claim 3M earplugs were “defective” and stopped working to safeguard versus hearing loss and ringing in the ears.

“We utilized [the earplugs] each time that we were around loud sounds,” Frei, who resides in Seattle, informed CNBC. “And I relied on that hearing protection during that time.”

From 2003 to 2015, Aearo Technologies and its moms and dad business, 3M, made and provided the U.S. military with the Combat Arms CAEv2 earplugs. The plugs were basic problem for soldiers in Afghanistan and Iraq and were developed to safeguard service members’ hearing in basic training and throughout fight.

3M’s Combat Arms CAEv2 earplugs


Each earplug had 2 ends: The green end was developed to shut out all noise. The yellow end, signaling “whisper mode,” supposed to shut out loud noise– however enabled the user to hear quieter sounds, like discussions.

I do not appear like someone who most likely ought to have as much hearing loss as I do at my age.

Nathan Frei

Former active service U.S. army infantry officer

“We were told that by wearing ‘whisper mode’ that we could still protect our hearing,” stated Frei, who declares he initially saw concerns with his hearing in 2013.

“I was hearing ringing,” Frei remembered. “At first, I thought it was a TV that was on. And so I searched and scoured the house looking for where the noise was coming from before I realized that it was just in my head.”

As the years passed, the 35- year-old stated, his hearing concerns worsened. Department of Veterans Affairs records shared by Frei with CNBC reveal he was later on identified with ringing in the ears.

“It’s constant,” he stated. “It’s a loud ringing in my ears — very similar to just like a buzz noise.”

He stated the ringing is so disruptive it sometimes keeps him awake.

“I don’t look like somebody who probably should have as much hearing loss as I do at my age,” he stated.

3M’s reaction

Eric Rucker, a lawyer for 3M, informed CNBC the business has terrific regard for the guys and females in the military which their security has actually constantly been a concern.

Maplewood, Minnesota, 3M business worldwide head office.

Michael Siluk|Getty Images

“The function of the production of [the Combat Arms earplugs] was to work together with the military to fix among the longest-standing issues they have actually had, that soldiers will not use their hearing defense around loud sounds and in fight,” Rucker stated.

Rucker stated the plugs were developed in cooperation with the U.S. military and evaluated by the Air Force, Army, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, and others.

“All of that testing shows the Combat Arms earplugs, when properly fitted and when used according to its instructions, work to protect people’s hearing,” he stated.

Rucker yielded that military audiologists were “well trained in how to train people and fit people for the use of earplugs,” however kept, “it should have worked and protected their hearing in environments where it was appropriate to be using these earplugs.”

After a whistleblower fit was submitted in 2016, implicating 3M of selling “dangerously defective” earplugs, the business consented to pay $9.1 million to the Department of Justice to deal with the claims without confessing liability.

Soon after, there was a flood of brand-new fits from numerous countless other service members.

Where things stand today

Today, the suits have actually been combined in Florida federal court, producing what some are calling the biggest mass tort in U.S. history, going beyond even the multidistrict lawsuits including Johnson & & Johnson’s talc items.

3M has actually lost 10 of the 16 cases that have actually gone to trial up until now, with an overall of $265 million granted to 13 complainants to date.

“There have been several bellwether trials. And unfortunately, Aearo and 3M have not been able to present all of the evidence related to the original design of the product, the military’s involvement in the design of the product, all of the issues concerning the instructions, and how to use the product, and how well the product performed, including some testing information which has been excluded from certain trials,” Rucker stated.

“All of that is on appeal. And we’re hoping that the decisions on appeal will cause more of that information to come forward,” he included.

The Combat Arms earplugs, when appropriately fitted and when utilized according to its directions, works to safeguard individuals’s hearing.

3M just recently revealed brand-new information that reveals 90% of a group of 175,000 complainants have no hearing disability under clinically accepted requirements, according to U.S. Department of Defense records. The lead lawyers for the complainants call the information a “misrepresentation.”

“3M has purposefully skewed this data by relying on hearing standards that do not measure frequencies most affected by noise, concealing the hearing damage suffered by veterans,” stated Bryan Aylstock and Chris Seeger, co-lead counsel for the service members and veterans, in a joint declaration.

3M disagreed with those claims, informing CNBC: “The data support what 3M has maintained throughout this litigation: the Combat Arms Earplugs version two were safe and effective to use. This has been confirmed by every independent, third-party organization that has tested the product, including the Army Research Lab, the Air Force Research lab, NIOSH, and others.”

Liability threat

Mizuho’s executive director Brett Linzey composed in a note to customers that “even the low end of previously settled Combat Arms lawsuits (or even half that amount) equates to some pretty healthy liabilities 3M may have to address.”

According to one Wall Street expert, 3M’s liability threat might possibly remain in the billions.

“Do the math on the number of plaintiffs, which is north of 200,000 and you take the average settlement value — the simple math on that gets you well north of $10 billion to $20 billion,” JPMorgan expert Stephen Tusa informed CNBC. 3M informed CNBC that price quote was “completely speculative.”

“We will continue to defend the cases. But the vast majority of these claims do not have complete information,” stated Rucker.

In a legal maneuver that would indemnify 3M, the business’s lawyers tried to put its subsidiary Aearo Technologies into insolvency defense, and put aside a $1 billion trust to settle the fits. The service members taking legal action against 3M are implicating the business of utilizing the insolvency to protect itself and have actually asked a judge to dismiss it.

A judgment on that prospective termination is arranged forApril Oral arguments for the appeal of the preliminary bellwether trials are arranged for May 1.

As for Frei, he anticipates his case to go to trial by year-end.

“It does make me mad,” Frei informed CNBC, implicating 3M of “trying to scheme away through either bankruptcy or through these arguments to try and avoid responsibility for what they’ve done.”