The ulcers are brought on by a micro organism, Mycobacterium ulcerans, entering into the pores and skin.
Because the micro organism grows, it releases toxins which rot the pores and skin, in the end resulting in an ulcer.
If untreated, the an infection can eat away on the bone.
Victims develop big, fluid-filled blisters containing useless flesh, with main surgical procedure usually required to chop them out.
Well being authorities are urgently attempting to work out what this tropical micro organism, sometimes present in Africa and South America, is doing in Victoria.
Nor do we all know the way it spreads. One principle is the micro organism is harboured by contaminated possums, after which unfold from possums to people by way of mosquitoes.
To keep away from an infection, the well being division advises individuals to cut back the chance of insect bites through the use of repellent and carrying long-sleeved clothes and lengthy trousers.
You must also cowl cuts and scratches with sticking plaster so the bacterium can not enter the pores and skin. See a health care provider when you’ve got a persistent pores and skin lesion.
A taskforce with researchers from the division, the CSIRO, the Doherty Institute and different main analysis our bodies is working to crack the issue, earlier than the outbreak spreads additional.
“Working with our companions, the venture will determine interventions that we hope will actively disrupt illness transmission for the primary time,” Victoria’s appearing chief well being officer, Dr Brett Sutton, mentioned in a press release.
This can result in the event of evidence-based insurance policies and practices that may assist cease the unfold of the illness.
Over the previous few weeks the taskforce has been amassing soil samples across the Mornington Peninsula, in addition to amassing mosquitoes and faecal samples from possums.
Liam is The Age and Sydney Morning Herald’s science reporter