Could North Koreans defect during the Winter Olympics? – National

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North Korea shall be sending greater than 400 individuals to the Winter Olympics in PyeongChang, South Korea, in February, officers confirmed Wednesday. The 2 nations will march collectively below a unified flag within the opening ceremony.

The North Korean delegation will embody athletes, coaches, a cheerleading squad, and an orchestra. And, consultants say, amongst them shall be varied safety and intelligence brokers.


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No less than one third of the delegation shall be intelligence brokers or working in intelligence-related jobs, estimated Greg Scarlatoiu, govt director of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, a Washington-based human rights group. He admits it is a “wild guess” however expects that there could be one intelligence minder for each two or three contributors.

The massive cause: potential defections. There are roughly 31,000 North Korean defectors residing in South Korea, and greater than 1,000 individuals have defected yearly over the past 5 years.


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North Korea has participated in different Olympics with out anybody defecting, however Scarlatoiu thinks there may be “all the time an opportunity” that somebody may strive. And, it might be a “super embarrassment” if even one particular person did defect, he mentioned, so North Korea will do every thing it could actually to stop it.

Retaining watch

To begin with, the North Korean authorities rigorously selects who’s allowed to journey. “Like most intensely repressive governments, North Korea topics its individuals to intrusive surveillance and retains detailed dossiers on a lot of its residents,” mentioned Phil Robertson, deputy director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia Division.

“Pyongyang will first reference the songbun system, its hereditary loyalty classification system that types your complete populace into loyal ‘core class,’ a center ‘wavering class,’ and a ‘hostile class.’ Solely essentially the most loyal individuals from the ‘core class’ shall be chosen to characterize the nation at such a excessive profile worldwide occasion because the Olympics.”


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Scarlatoiu mentioned that simply to be skilled as a performer, you’d have to come back from a loyal household. “Furthermore to journey to South Korea, your songbun should be off the charts.”

However as soon as in South Korea, it’s unlikely that North Korean athletes and performers will be capable of transfer round freely. “No one’s ever alone. You’re not less than travelling in pairs,” Scarlatoiu mentioned. “However almost definitely along with travelling in pairs, there’s a safety agent tasked to principally control every athlete. You’re not allowed to depart your sleeping quarters with out the approval of the authorities and the minders.”

“That is how the Soviets did it, that is how the Jap Europeans did it. Multiply that by 1,000 and you’ve got the North Korean mannequin.”

Kim Kwang-jin, a North Korean defector and researcher on the Institute for Nationwide Safety Technique, instructed Reuters in early January that members of the delegation may also spy on one another. “The North can also be anticipated to divide its delegation into teams and ask them to watch and management one another in order that nobody would depart the group,” he mentioned.


Individuals may also be discouraged from defecting by threats towards their households, Robertson mentioned.

“The North Korean authorities will ensure that to maintain the households of these going to the Olympics below shut watch, and every participant will perceive that any misbehavior on their half will end in certain and swift punishment of their household.”

Punishments may embody lack of privileged standing and jobs, arrest, torture, detention in a compelled labour camp or “worst of all, being despatched to the a lot feared political gulag camps from which individuals merely don’t return.”


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Penalties

As such, defection would imply massive penalties, Robertson mentioned. “Principally, to defect implies that they’re sacrificing their prolonged household to hunt freedom.”

Anybody related to the defector, comparable to a coach, a safety official who was watching the constructing, and whoever signed the journey authorization papers, is also punished for failing to stop a defection, Scarlatoiu mentioned.


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However greater than that, a defection may current the South Korean authorities with a dilemma.

“What if a North Korean manages to flee, discover his or her option to security, and requests asylum in South Korea? What would the South Koreans do if the North Koreans inform them, ‘Hand over this particular person or else we’ll withdraw our delegation and all people else from the Olympics.’?”

He hopes that the South Koreans would defend the defector, he mentioned. “I can’t and don’t wish to anticipate how the North Koreans will react.”

-with information from Reuters

© 2018 World Information, a division of Corus Leisure Inc.

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