Former Obama envoy details ‘ice age’ with Stephen Harper over Keystone pipeline

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Barack Obama’s former envoy to Ottawa has pulled again the veil on how the earlier Conservative authorities of Stephen Harper froze him out over the controversial Keystone XL pipeline.

Bruce Heyman, who was the U.S. ambassador to Canada from 2014 to 2017, presents an on-the-record insider account of one of many worst-kept secrets and techniques in Ottawa diplomatic circles in a brand new ebook penned together with his spouse, Vicki.

Harper had staked a whole lot of his authorities’s repute on getting U.S. approval for the Keystone XL pipeline, which he noticed as vital to getting Alberta oilsands crude to international markets by way of the USA.

However Heyman made it clear there was little he may do to push the mission throughout his preliminary April 2014 conferences with John Baird, then the foreign-affairs minister, and Harper and his spouse, Laureen, due to inside U.S. evaluations.

Heyman writes that started an “ice age in relations” between his workplace and Conservative cupboard ministers till he, Harper and their spouses had been in a position to construct new bridges in an extended delayed dinner in July 2015.

READ MORE: Good friend and Foe: The twists and turns of Canada-U.S. relations

TransCanada Corp. wished to construct a pipeline by way of Montana and South Dakota to Nebraska, to attach with strains carrying oil to Gulf Coast refineries, but it surely confronted widespread opposition over issues about attainable spills and environmental harm.

The plan languished for years within the purgatory of U.S. authorities and authorized evaluations earlier than Barack Obama killed it two days after Justin Trudeau was sworn in as prime minister in November 2015. President Donald Trump has since revived the $Eight-billion mission.

READ MORE: Trump wielded presidential energy broadly so as to transfer Keystone pipeline forward

Watch under: Some movies from International Information’ protection of the Keystone XL pipeline.


Keystone set the stage for a pair of grim get-to-know-you conferences with Baird and Harper, in addition to a agency however well mannered dressing-down from the top-ranking international ministry bureaucrat days after the Heymans arrived in Ottawa.

Heyman’s ebook fills within the narrative gaps on the breakdown in relations between Conservative Harper authorities and the Obama Democrats.

A Harper spokeswoman had no speedy remark as a result of she had but to learn the ebook.

Baird requested to satisfy Heyman earlier than he’d formally offered his credentials to the Governor Basic and pushed the envoy on Keystone. Baird additionally requested if the U.S. was ready to pay for a brand new bridge on the busy Detroit-Windsor crossing.

“I’m afraid we’re not,” Heyman advised Baird, however added that maybe their “folks” may meet later to search out artistic options.

“The assembly by no means occurred,” Heyman writes.

A clumsy assembly in Harper’s Parliament Hill workplace adopted during which the prime minister “didn’t a lot as crack a smile” as small speak amongst them and their wives went nowhere.

Days later, on Good Friday, a Nebraska courtroom ruling additional delayed Keystone’s approval, so Heyman was “summoned” to International Affairs headquarters in Ottawa for a gathering with deputy minister Daniel Jean. Embassy employees advised Heyman they couldn’t recall a time when an envoy had been “referred to as in” like that.

READ MORE: U.S. Ambassador Bruce Heyman: No information on Keystone, however he does have cheesecake

Jean and Heyman had a well mannered “backwards and forwards” during which the bureaucrat “rigorously and dutifully learn out to me” from a doc that careworn how essential the pipeline was to the federal government and the way “pressing” approval was required.

Heyman held his floor.

“Within the days that adopted, I seen that every one conferences scheduled with varied ministers, for one motive or one other, had been cancelled,” Heyman writes.

“Message acquired: I used to be frozen out.”

Over the next months, dinner invites to the U.S. ambassador’s Rockcliffe Park mansion got here again from the Prime Minister’s Workplace with the response: “Unable to attend.”

So the Heymans went forward with a dinner with Trudeau, then the Liberal chief, and his spouse, Sophie, within the fall of 2014 that went very nicely. After their company had left, Bruce requested Vicki if she’d ever met somebody with Trudeau’s management potential.

“In 2006,” she replied. “His title was Barack Obama.”

READ MORE: Obama and Trudeau off to an excellent begin: US ambassador

Watch under: (From 2015) U.S. Ambassador to Canada Bruce Heyman tells Tom Clark that U.S. President Barack Obama could be very excited in regards to the new relationship with the prime minister and his go to to Washington subsequent 12 months.





In September 2014, the Harper-Heyman freezeout thawed as experiences emerged that Canada was making ready to hitch a U.S. coalition that wished to bomb Islamic State militants in Iraq.

However there was a weird twist: Heyman says the U.S. Embassy knew nothing about it.

Reporters bombarded the PMO for particulars on who precisely within the White Home was asking for Canada’s navy help.

“The embassy watched the ping-pong match whereas declining the various media requests for readability,” Heyman writes. “It was apparent to me that Prime Minister Harper and his workforce had been in a little bit of a jam.”

This time, when Heyman reached out to Harper’s workplace, his name was returned.

Heyman then gave a sequence of interviews, beginning with The Canadian Press, declaring the U.S. was inviting Canada to take part within the Iraq effort. When pressed on who requested whom first, Heyman replied that merely didn’t matter, and that Canada wished to assist was most essential.

“After that, all the things opened up for me in Ottawa. After I requested for conferences with cupboard ministers, I received them,” Heyman writes. “The ice was starting to soften.”

Lastly, the Heymans and Harpers broke bread collectively, in July 2015 on the prime minister’s 24 Sussex Drive residence.

The wives helped break the ice and finally “we felt the actual Stephen Harper emerge” when he smiled and recalled taking part in the piano at The Beatles’ historic Abbey Street studio in London. That led to a full of life tasting of favorite Mexican spices and flavourings.

Concludes Heyman: “And with the assistance of the recent sauces of 24 Sussex, the ice age in relations had lastly thawed.”

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