GitHub: These are the programming language features that really matter to developers

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Whereas it could seem to be the preferred programming languages have little in frequent, an evaluation by GitHub has discovered in any other case.

By poring over the preferred and fastest-growing languages for 2018, GitHub found that builders prize a handful of options shared by the highest selections.

The three fastest-growing programming languages of 2018 have been the Java substitute Kotlin, the configuration language HCL, and JavaScript spin-off TypeScript, whereas the most-popular languages have been previous favorites JavaScript, Java, and Python, in accordance with figures compiled by GitHub.

By GitHub’s definitions, the fastest-growing programming languages are those who have seen the biggest development within the proportion of contributors to code repositories over the previous yr, and the most-popular languages are these whose repositories have the biggest variety of contributors.

These are the three key options that GitHub, the world’s hottest code-hosting service, says hyperlink the highest languages.

1. Security when constructing giant, multi-threaded apps

Typically, builders need extra of a security internet when creating sophisticated purposes, writes Thomas Elliott, information scientist at GitHub.

That need for security and predictability is clear within the rise of languages that help static typing, the place builders can specify the kind of every variable, permitting many errors to be flagged when code is compiled.

“Except Python, we have seen an increase in static typing, doubtless due to the safety and effectivity it provides particular person builders and groups engaged on bigger purposes,” writes Elliott, who provides there may be additionally an elevated urge for food for languages that make it simpler to construct steady multi-threaded purposes.

“TypeScript’s elective static typing provides a component of security, and Kotlin, specifically, provides higher interactivity, all whereas creating reliable, thread-safe packages.”

2. Interoperability and compatibility with current languages

Among the many fastest-growing languages, Elliott identifies a standard theme of recent, extra totally featured languages that may interoperate with older languages, and that, in some circumstances, are beginning to supersede them.

“A part of the rationale TypeScript has climbed our rankings is due to its skill to coexist and combine with JavaScript. Rust and Kotlin are additionally on the rise, each of which discover built-in audiences in JavaScript and Java, respectively. Python’s versatility and interoperability are additionally spectacular; for instance, builders can straight name Python APIs from Swift,” he writes.

He highlighted how this interoperability, for example Kotlin’s skill to run on the Java Digital Machine (JVM), was reworking the dominant languages utilized in areas of software improvement, for instance Google’s alternative of Kotlin as a first-class language for constructing Android apps alongside Java.

three. Open supply

Lastly, being open-source is more and more vital for attracting builders to a language and for preserving them engaged, Elliott argues.

“Communities that evolve, reply questions, and create assets for newer languages like Kotlin will help builders begin and proceed working with them in 2018 and past,” he writes.

GitHub’s prime programming languages by contributor as of September 30th.

Picture: GitHub

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