Glossary: Smart farming – TechRepublic


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Aerial imagery: Pictures taken from the air, usually with UAVs in sensible farming. Used to help farmers to find out the situation of a subject.

Agriculture An analogy to Trade It’s the built-in inside and exterior networking of farming operations on account of the emergence of sensible know-how in agriculture.

Agro-chemicals: Chemical substances utilized in agriculture, which embody fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides.

Agronomic knowledge: Information derived from actions and circumstances on farm fields. The information can embody soil evaluation, nutrient data, hybrid choice, plant populations, and yield knowledge.

Agronomist: An individual who specializes within the science of agronomy.

Agronomy: The science of field-crop manufacturing and soil administration.

Algorithm: A mathematical formulation which may be used to regulate variable fee functions.

Synthetic intelligence (AI): The pc simulation of clever conduct resembling determination making. AI can confer with something from a pc program enjoying a sport of chess, to a voice-recognition system like Amazon’s Alexa decoding and responding to speech.

Massive knowledge: Info collected in massive and various knowledge units, sometimes from IoT sensors and gadgets.

Massive knowledge analytics: Inspecting massive and various knowledge units, often called huge knowledge, to disclose hidden patterns, unknown correlations, market developments, and buyer preferences that can be utilized in determination making

Heart pivot irrigation techniques: Sometimes apply a comparatively uniform quantity of water to a subject.

Farming-as-a-service: Often known as FaaS, that is when farmers use a subscription or pay-per-use foundation to know-how and knowledge. It is ideally suited for small- to medium-size farms to entry data-driven choices to spice up productiveness and effectivity, together with farm administration options, manufacturing help, and entry to markets.

Geographic knowledge: Details about the spatial location and the merchandise being monitored, whether or not it is yield, seed inhabitants, or one thing else.

Georeferencing: Including geographic knowledge to yield knowledge or different subject attributes both in real-time or after knowledge is gathered.

International Positioning System (GPS): A system utilizing satellite tv for pc alerts to find and monitor the place of a receiver/antenna on earth.

Grid mapping: Predetermined areas in a subject the place soil or plant samples could also be obtained for evaluation. The take a look at data can be utilized for assessing fertility wants and figuring out approximate areas for various fertilizer and lime functions.

Grid sampling: The gathering of samples from small, uniform-sized cells based mostly on a scientific grid laid out throughout a subject.

IoT: The Web of Issues (IoT) contains billions of gadgets related to the web via sensors or Wi-Fi. Every system collects knowledge, and this knowledge, identified collectively as huge knowledge, is exchanged and analyzed.

LANDSAT (LAND SATellite): US satellites used to check the earth’s floor utilizing distant sensing methods.

Machine knowledge: Info on how gear is functioning. This will embody gasoline consumption, machine well being indicators, diagnostic codes, and engine efficiency.

Machine studying: Machine studying is a subfield of AI. The core precept is that machines take knowledge and be taught for themselves.

Phenome: The set of bodily and biochemical traits belonging to an organism.

Phenomics: The measurement of phenomes.

Precision agriculture: Additionally referred to as sensible farming or precision farming. It features a vary of applied sciences, together with distant sensing, IoT gadgets, robotics, huge knowledge analytics, and synthetic intelligence, to kind an built-in crop manufacturing administration system on a site-specific foundation to extend earnings, scale back waste, and keep environmental high quality.

Manufacturing agriculture: A sequence of actions that lead to a product that may in the end be bought at retail.

Distant sensing: Scanning an object by satellite tv for pc or high-flying plane with a view to acquire data with out direct contact between the sensor and the item.

Row-crop tractor: A tractor with an adjustable tread width to permit the tractor to cross down rows of corn, tomatoes, or different crops with out crushing the crops.

Self-driving tractor: This driverless tractor is an autonomous farm automobile that delivers excessive torque at gradual speeds.

Good farming: The usage of new applied sciences to alter centuries-old strategies of farming.

Soil map: A map exhibiting variations in soil properties resembling texture, fertility, natural matter, and pH inside a subject.

Sustainable intensification: Farming with a objective to extend manufacturing from current farmland whereas minimizing injury to the atmosphere, preserving biodiversity, and defending the land for future crops.

Telematics: The built-in use of communications and data know-how to transmit, retailer and obtain data from telecommunications gadgets to distant objects over a community.

Complete Issue Productiveness (TFP): A measure of agricultural productiveness that takes into consideration the entire land, labor, capital, and materials assets utilized in farm manufacturing and compares them with the whole quantity of crop and livestock output.

UAV: Stands for Unmanned Aerial Automobile and is an plane piloted by distant management or onboard computer systems. Generally often called a drone.

Variable fee irrigation: An rising know-how that’s getting used along with middle pivot irrigation techniques.

Climate knowledge: Details about precipitation, wind, temperature, and different local weather circumstances.

Yield map: A map that signifies variations in crop yield inside a subject.

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