There no treatment that we are able to routinely give to folks, Johnston says, however there was one man, “The Berlin Affected person,” who was cured of HIV. “He had each HIV and leukemia and underwent a bone marrow transplant for the most cancers which ended up clearing HIV from his physique as a result of his donor had a sure genetic mutation,” Johnston says. Clearly, this was a novel scenario and it will possibly’t be replicated, Johnston says, “nevertheless it was very promising as a result of it confirmed the world that sure, it’s doable to treatment this virus.”
Proper now, a few of the treatment analysis is specializing in learn how to remove the latent HIV “reservoir,” or the cells which can be nonetheless contaminated with HIV however usually are not actively producing new viruses (these cells nonetheless exist in undetectable folks). “If we are able to discover a solution to remove the reservoir, probably by reactivating the virus so it comes out of ‘hiding’ and we are able to kill it, then we may probably treatment HIV — however the reservoir is tough to the touch, so we nonetheless have a number of work to do,” Rizza says.
There isn’t a vaccine to stop or deal with HIV/AIDS both, however researchers have been engaged on creating one since 1987 they usually aren’t stopping anytime quickly. “I’m optimistic — there may be such an explosion of data and understanding of HIV and now we have such devoted communities that I actually suppose we will make unimaginable strides within the subsequent 5, ten years,” Johnston says.