How to back up files on exit from Windows 10 automatically with a batch file


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With a fastidiously crafted batch file, it’s potential to create a sequence of instructions that may again up knowledge to a selected location after which shut down your PC robotically.

Data transferring

Picture: brijith vijayan, Getty Pictures/iStockphoto

In Microsoft Home windows 10, when shifting or copying recordsdata from one folder or drive to a different folder or drive, most individuals understandably use File Explorer and the graphical consumer interface (GUI). On steadiness, just about dragging and dropping recordsdata is pretty intuitive and straightforward to do, so why not? Nonetheless, the GUI shouldn’t be the one choice for copying your knowledge.

Underneath that Home windows 10 GUI lies a reasonably strong command-line interface and PowerShell scripting language, together with the file copying and shifting software Robocopy. With Robocopy and a fastidiously crafted batch file, it’s potential to create a sequence of instructions that may again up knowledge to a selected location after which shut down your PC robotically.

This tutorial reveals you the best way to craft a batch file that makes use of Robocopy to robotically again up knowledge after which makes use of the correct command to close down a Home windows 10 PC utterly.

SEE: Home windows 10 Might 2019 Replace: 10 notable new options (free PDF) (TechRepublic)

How you can again up recordsdata on exit robotically with Robocopy

Batch recordsdata are easy textual content recordsdata that the working system interprets as executable instructions. One of these file was frequent when the first PC working system was DOS, lengthy earlier than Home windows was out there.

For this instance, we may have our batch file copy the contents of C:/Backup1 to Z:/Backup2, the place Z: is my private Microsoft OneDrive, mapped to a community drive in a earlier article.

A batch file is an easy textual content file, so we will create it utilizing any textual content editor. For this instance, we’ll use Notepad. Sort “notepad” within the search field on the desktop and click on the suitable consequence to begin a clean textual content file.

First, we’ll create the Robocopy command to repeat the recordsdata; then, we’ll order the system to close down. Sort in these strains into Notepad:

Robocopy “C:Backup1″”Z:Backup2” /MIR
shutdown -s

Determine A reveals the simplified model of the batch file.


Determine A

Observe: For our instance the citation marks within the first line aren’t obligatory; nevertheless, in case your listing names embrace areas, then the citation marks are obligatory. For the sake of completeness, we’ll use them regardless.

Technically, these two strains of code are all we have to accomplish our aim of backing up recordsdata after which shutting down the PC, however the instructions lack magnificence. For one factor, our batch file in its present type will shut down our PC instantly, with out contemplating whether or not the copying process has accomplished.

We are able to treatment this drawback by including the -t parameter to the shutdown command. The variety of seconds you want to delay the shutdown will depend upon how a lot knowledge you’ll be backing up, however for our instance, we’ll set it to five seconds.

The subsequent potential drawback is that now we have not accounted for the potential for subdirectories with recordsdata of their very own that will have to be included in our Robocopy backup operation. We are going to add the /MIR parameter to the Robocopy command so that every one recordsdata and subdirectories will probably be copied.

The up to date instructions, as proven in Determine B, could be:

Robocopy “C:Backup1″”Z:Backup2” /MIR
shutdown -s -t 5


Determine B

With instructions full, we will save the batch file. From the File menu in Notepad click on the Save As merchandise and provides the file an acceptable title and placement, ensuring to make use of the .bat extension and never the recommended .txt extension.

You may pin your batch file to the Begin menu or the Taskbar or another handy spot just like the desktop. While you double-click the batch file, it’ll run very similar to another executable—simply be sure you are prepared for the shutdown course of to start as a result of there isn’t any stopping it as soon as it begins.

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