The rapidly-escalating tensions between India and Pakistan may be traced again to a suicide assault in opposition to Indian paramilitary police in Kashmir on Feb. 14, which has been claimed by a bunch known as Jaish-e-Mohammed.
Jaish stated the assault was carried out by one in all its members from the Indian-ruled, Muslim-majority area of Jammu and Kashmir. The assault left 40 individuals lifeless, making it the worst rebel assault in Kashmir since 1989.
India responded to the assault by launching an airstrike in opposition to a suspected Jaish goal inside Pakistan on Tuesday, venturing far into its arch-rival’s territory searching for retribution. It additionally rounded up at the very least 300 activists in Kashmir as a part of what it known as a “jaw-breaking response” to the Jaish assault.
India’s Exterior Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj says the restricted goal of the pre-emptive strike inside Pakistan was to behave decisively in opposition to Jaish to stop one other assault in India.
Pakistan claimed to have shot down two Indian warplanes on Wednesday, and declared that it had captured one of many Indian pilots.
WATCH BELOW: Pakistan claims it shot down two Indian jets
India says Jaish enjoys free rein in Pakistan. The Indian authorities has repeatedly demanded that Pakistan act to cease militant teams corresponding to Jaish from working on its soil.
Pakistan has condemned the Feb. 14 bomb assault however denied any complicity.
India has blamed Jaish for a collection of assaults together with a 2001 raid on its parliament in New Delhi that led to India mobilizing its navy on the border, bringing the foes to the brink of a fourth warfare.
Who’re the Jaish-e-Mohammed?
Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), or Military of Mohammed, has ties to different Sunni militant teams in Pakistan corresponding to Lashka-e-Taiba (LeT) and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. It was banned in Pakistan in 2002 however U.S. authorities say it nonetheless operates there brazenly.
Jaish has been categorised as a terrorist group in lots of international locations, together with the U.S. and Canada.
WATCH BELOW: Suicide assault kills dozens in Kashmir
The group was based in 2000 after the discharge of its chief, Masood Azhar, from an Indian jail in alternate for 155 hostages from a hijacked Indian Airways aircraft. Jaish has claimed accountability for quite a few suicide bombings in Kashmir, India’s solely Muslim-majority state, which can also be claimed by Pakistan.
The group, which goals to unite Kashmir with Pakistan, has repeatedly brought about pressure between India and Pakistan. Together with LeT, it was concerned in assaults in 2001 on the Indian parliament and the Jammu and Kashmir legislative meeting constructing.
Pakistan rejects Indian accusations that it harbours and sustains the group. Pakistani authorities have linked JeM with two assassination makes an attempt on former President Pervez Musharraf in 2003 in addition to the kidnap and homicide of U.S. journalist Daniel Pearl in 2002.
The place do they function?
Whereas Kashmir is the main target of Jaish operations, the group was based mostly in Bhawalpur, a dust-blown Pakistani city on the border with India within the south of Punjab province. Media stories and Indian intelligence sources have instructed walled headquarters, in addition to one other giant premises on the outskirts of town, are used to recruit and prepare children from the impoverished area.
India says it struck at a Jaish camp exterior the city of Balakot, close to the border with Jammu and Kashmir, on Tuesday. The Pakistani navy says the assault didn’t trigger any harm or lack of life.
Jaish is listed as one in all 33 banned organizations by Pakistan’s Nationwide Counter-Terrorism Authority, which states on its web site that the ban got here on Jan. 14, 2002. However the group has by no means hidden its existence, incessantly issuing movies threatening India, and in addition the US.
After a interval of silence, the portly Azhar surfaced in a video in 2014, boasting of 300 suicide bombers at his command and threatening to kill Narendra Modi if he grew to become India’s prime minister.
Regardless of many rumours, his whereabouts have been formally unknown since a 2016 assault on an Indian air power base in Pathankot in Indian Punjab.
Blacklisted by the United Nations
In 2001, the UN Safety Council blacklisted the Jaish, tying it to al Qaeda, and accusing it of taking part within the financing, planning, facilitating, making ready or perpetrating of al Qaeda acts.
However the group has floated out and in of the shadows and a U.S. State Division report final 12 months stated Pakistan had not cracked down on the actions of JeM and different teams that intention primarily to function exterior its territory.
“The federal government did not considerably restrict LeT and JeM from brazenly elevating cash, recruiting, and coaching in Pakistan,” it stated.
Whereas Jaish was blacklisted by the UN Safety Council, India’s efforts to get Azhar sanctioned have been blocked by China, it says. China has put a technical maintain every time India has pushed the problem within the council.
WATCH BELOW: Indian Air Pressure helicopter crashes in Kashmir
China stated earlier this month that it condemned the most recent assault in Kashmir, and famous that Jaish, which claimed the assault, was already on a UN sanctions checklist. As for its chief is anxious, the related committee had guidelines and processes for itemizing individuals, Chinese language overseas ministry spokesman Geng Shuang stated.
—With information from The Related Press