NASA spots mysterious galactic ‘jellyfish’ in space

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Jellyfish have been on Earth for roughly 500 million years, making them the longest surviving creature on the planet. However now, NASA has a “jellyfish” of its personal in house.

The federal government house company stated a “jellyfish”-like galaxy, often called ESO 137-001, with a tail made up of lengthy fuel stretching 260,000 light-years throughout house, is “swimming” into the view of the house company’s forthcoming James Webb Telescope.

“Blue ribbons of younger stars dangle from the galaxy’s disk like cosmic tentacles,” NASA stated within the assertion. “For those who take a look at the galaxy in X-ray gentle, nonetheless, you’ll find a large tail of scorching fuel streaming behind the galaxy. After launch, NASA’s James Webb House Telescope will examine ESO 137-001 to learn the way the fuel is being faraway from the galaxy, and why stars are forming inside that gaseous tail.”

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The James Webb Telescope is slated for launch in 2021. The “jellyfish” was first noticed by the Hubble House Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory in 2014.

ESO 137-001 is not precisely near Earth, though it is related in look to the Milky Manner galaxy. It is roughly 220 million light-years away from our planet and is a part of the Triangulum Australe constellation and is a part of a galaxy cluster often called Abell 3627.

This picture combines NASA/ESA Hubble House Telescope observations with knowledge from the Chandra X-ray Observatory. In addition to the electrical blue ram strain stripping streaks seen emanating from ESO 137-001, a large fuel stream might be seen extending in the direction of the underside of the body, solely seen within the X-ray a part of the spectrum. (Credit score: NASA, ESA, CXC)

Galaxy clusters are surrounded by scorching gases that finally type stars. Nonetheless, how the celebrities type within the tail and the time it takes for that to occur remains to be puzzling to researchers.

“Each fuel and mud are getting stripped off, however how a lot and what occurs to the stripped materials and the galaxy itself are nonetheless open questions,” stated Stacey Alberts of the College of Arizona, a co-investigator on the mission,within the assertion.

“We expect it’s exhausting to strip off a molecular cloud that’s already forming stars as a result of it must be tightly certain to the galaxy by gravity,” Alberts added. “Which implies both we’re unsuitable, or this fuel received stripped off and heated up, however then needed to cool once more in order that it may condense and type stars. Telling these two situations aside is without doubt one of the issues we need to get at.”

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