New Dating of Nebra Sky Disk Makes All Previous Astronomical Interpretations Obsolete

Nebra Sky Disk

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Nebra Sky Disk. Credit: Anagoria / Wikimedia Commons CC BY 3.0

Archaeologists from Frankfurt and Munich show origins in the very first millennium B.C.

Until now the Nebra sky disk was considered to be from the Early Bronze Age and for that reason the world’s earliest representation of the universes. Archaeologists from Goethe University Frankfurt and Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich have actually now reanalyzed varied information on the restoration of the discovery website and surrounding scenarios of the discover. Their findings are that the disk needs to be dated in the Iron Age, making it about 1,000 years more youthful than formerly presumed. This makes all previous huge analyses outdated.

The Nebra sky disk is among Germany’s most considerable historical finds and was consisted of in the UNESCO Memory of the World Register in 2013. It was found in a prohibited excavation in 1999 together with Bronze Age swords, axes, and bracelets according to the finders. This discovery context was essential for the clinical dating, as the disk itself might neither be clinically nor archeologically dated by contrast with other things. Many years of examinations by a number of research study groups for that reason tried to confirm both the attribution to the expected discovery website in addition to the typical origins of the things independent of the unclear details offered by the looters.

Swords With Nebra Sky Disk

The swords discovered with the Nebra Sky Disk. Credit: Dbachmann / Wikimedia Commons CC BY 3.0

Rupert Gebhard, Director of the Munich Archäologischen Staatssammlung, and Rüdiger Krause Professor for Prehistory and Early European History at Goethe University Frankfurt have actually now thoroughly examined the discovery scenarios and research study outcomes on the Nebra sky disk. Their conclusion: The website that was thought about the discovery website up until today and which was examined in subsequent excavations is with high likelihood not the discovery website of the looters. Furthermore, there is no persuading proof that the Bronze Age swords, axes and bracelets form an ensemble of typical origins. For this factor, it needs to be presumed that this is not a common Bronze Age deposit which the disk was not discovered together with the other things in an initial state at the excavation website.


According to the archaeologists, this suggests that the disk needs to be examined and assessed as a private discover. Culturally and stylistically, the sky disk cannot be suited the Early Bronze Age concept world of the start of the 2nd millennium B.C. On the contrary, clearer referrals can be made to the concept world of the Iron Age of the very first millennium B.C. According to Gebhard and Krause, on the basis of a divergent information circumstance and on the basis of this brand-new evaluation, all previous, in some cases significant cultural-historical conclusions should be talked about once again and with an open mind, and the disk needs to be analyzed and assessed in various contexts than in the past. The basis for this should be the submission of all formerly unpublished information and truths.

Reference: “Critical comments on the find complex of the so-called Nebra Sky Disk” by Rupert Gebhard and Rüdiger Krause, Archäologische Informationen.