New Research Finds Vitamin B3 Protects Skin Cells From the Effects of UV Exposure

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Research provided today (October 31, 2020) at EADV’s 29th Congress, EADV Virtual, reveals hope that a kind of vitamin B3 might secure skin cells from the results of ultraviolet (UV) direct exposure: the primary danger aspect for non-melanoma skin cancers.[1]

Researchers in Italy separated cells (human main keratinocytes) from the skin of clients with non-melanoma skin cancers. These cells were treated with 3 various concentrations of nicotinamide (NAM), a kind of vitamin B3, for 18, 24, and 48 hours and after that exposed to UVB.

Results reveal that pre-treatment with 25μM of NAM 24 hours prior to UV irradiation secured the skin cells from the results of UV-induced oxidative tension, consisting of DNA damage. NAM improved DNA repair work, shown by reduced expression of the DNA repair work enzyme OGG1. Furthermore, it reduced antioxidant expression and obstructed regional swelling by revealing reduced nitric oxide (NO) release and reactive oxygen types (ROS) production, and lowered iNOS protein expression.

Lara Camillo, a research study trainee from the Dermatological Unit of AOU Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy states: “Our study indicates that increasing the consumption of vitamin B3, which is readily available in the daily diet, will protect the skin from some of the effects of UV exposure, potentially reducing the incidence of non-melanoma skin cancers. However, the protective effect of vitamin B3 is short-acting, so it should be consumed no later than 24 to 48 hours before sun exposure.”

Non-cancer malignancy skin cancers are the most typical malignancies in the Caucasian population and occurrence is increasing worldwide. The primary danger aspect is UV radiation direct exposure, which harms the DNA, increases ROS production, triggers regional swelling, and diminishes cellular energy, causing genomic instability and cell death.

About skin cancer

There are 2 primary kinds of skin cancer: non-melanoma skin cancer (that includes basal cell skin cancer, squamous cell skin cancer and other uncommon types) and cancer malignancy skin cancer. Basal and squamous cell cancers are usually discovered in locations exposed to the sun, such as the head, neck, and arms, however they likewise can happen in other places (2). They are really typical however are typically really treatable.[2] Melanoma is a kind of skin cancer that establishes when melanocytes (the cells that offer the skin its tan or brown color) begin to outgrow control.[3] Melanoma is much less typical than some other kinds of skin cancers, however is more hazardous since it’s far more most likely to infect other parts of the body if not captured and dealt with early (3). Non-cancer malignancy skin cancer is the fifth most frequently happening cancer in males and females, with over 1 million medical diagnoses worldwide in 2018.4 Melanoma of the skin is the 19th most frequently happening cancer in males and females, with almost 300,000 brand-new cases in 2018.[4]

About EADV:

Founded in 1987, EADV is the leading neighborhood to enhance the understanding of health specialists and supporters in the field of dermatology and venereology. It is a non-profit company with over 7,000 members, throughout 113 various nations on the planet, offering an important service for each kind of dermato-venereologist expert. The EADV is dedicated to enhancing the quality of client care, continuing medical education for all dermato-venereologists within Europe and beyond, and advocacy on behalf of the speciality and clients.

About EADV Virtual:

This year’s Congress is an initially in EADV’s history. EADV Virtual – New Frontiers in Dermatology and Venereology offers a remarkable chance for associates from around the globe to check out the current advancements in science and client care that are at the heart of the academy’s objective. The user experience is immersive and basic to follow. To learn more check out https://eadvvirtualcongress.org/

References:

  1. Camillo L et al. THE FUNCTION OF NICOTINAMIDE IN PHOTOPROTECTION OF HUMAN BEING PRIMARY KERATINOCYTES FROM OXIDATIVE TENSION DAMAGES UV-INDUCED. Late breaking abstract no 3109 EADV Virtual, 29-31 October 2020.
  2. Cancer.org. Basal and Squamous Cell Skin Cancer. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/basal-and-squamous-cell-skin-cancer.html Accessed October 2020
  3. Cancer.org. What is Melanoma. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/melanoma-skin-cancer/about/what-is-melanoma.html Accessed October 2020
  4. WCRF. Skin Cancer Statistics. Available at: https://www.wcrf.org/dietandcancer/cancer-trends/skin-cancer-statistics Accessed October 2020



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