SOME cities are so formed that site visitors jams appear inevitable. Manila, within the Philippines, is scrunched between a bay within the west and a lagoon within the east. A automobile driving by way of the center of the town is sort of a grain of sand seeping slowly previous the neck of an hourglass. Dakar, in Senegal, is surrounded on three sides by the Atlantic Ocean, forcing suburban commuters to crawl alongside the identical east-west roads. Auckland, Monrovia, New York and Rio de Janeiro are equally pinched for house to develop.
Cities can construct round pure pinch factors by erecting lengthy highway bridges, as Lagos and Mumbai have achieved, or by tunnelling. However that’s troublesome and costly. So some governments have a unique thought: construct some place else. Auckland is mulling a brand new metropolis to the south that would include half one million folks. Liberians have considered beginning once more close to Monrovia, or shifting the capital some place else—although Liberia is for now too poor to handle it.
Thirty kilometres east of central Dakar, an enormous billboard advertises a forthcoming metropolis, to be known as Diamniadio Lake Metropolis. Renderings by the developer, Semer Group, recommend Dubai (the place Semer Group relies) with added curves and African prospers. Briefly, it is going to be somewhat just like the fictional capital of Wakanda within the movie “Black Panther”. There may be not a lot to see but, moreover a convention centre, a resort and many scrub. However the authorities hopes that 300,000 folks will reside there finally, easing strain on the present metropolis.
“We pray that it really works,” says Ibrahima Ndiaye, an city planner in Dakar. However he doubts new metropolis might be sufficient to unclog the outdated one. Senegal additionally wants to discourage folks from driving into Dakar. It tried charging for parking within the busiest district, however stopped after complaints, says Mr Ndiaye. This isn’t only a poor nation failing. Auckland and New York have each contemplated congestion prices for over a decade; neither has them but. Many metropolis dwellers appear to favor site visitors jams to parking meters or tolls.