The Report on the F.B.I.’s Clinton Investigation Is 500 Pages. Our Experts Broke It Down.

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The report faulted the previous F.B.I. director James B. Comey for his choice making throughout the inquiry.

The F.B.I. headquarters in Washington.Credit scoreTom Brenner/The New York Occasions

A much-anticipated inspector common’s report concerning the F.B.I.’s dealing with of the investigation into Hillary Clinton launched on Thursday discovered that the previous director James B. Comey was “insubordinate,” nevertheless it didn’t problem the choice to not cost Mrs. Clinton and didn’t conclude that bias influenced that alternative.

The Justice Division’s inspector common, Michael E. Horowitz, criticized a number of elements of the federal investigation into Mrs. Clinton’s use of a non-public e-mail server whereas she was secretary of state. Amongst them have been a choice by Lawyer Normal Loretta E. Lynch to fulfill former President Invoice Clinton on an airport tarmac; the transfer by Mr. Comey to publicly say the bureau was recommending no expenses whereas additionally condemning Mrs. Clinton’s conduct intimately; and Mr. Comey’s disclosure that the F.B.I. had reopened the investigation after discovering new proof to look at, and his re-closing of it days earlier than the 2016 presidential election.

[Learn our protection on the report.]

Mr. Horowitz can be investigating the division’s dealing with of the Russia investigation, which President Trump and his Republican allies in Congress have sought to painting as scandalous. Whereas a number of of the identical officers have been concerned in each inquiries, the brand new report targeted solely on the Clinton investigation.

Listed below are the highlights that our reporters are compiling as they learn the report. It will proceed to replace.


Mr. Comey was insubordinate however had no political bias in his choice making within the inquiry, the report discovered.

Mr. Comey made a “aware choice” to not inform the Justice Division about holding a information convention in July 2016, in response to the report. Throughout the occasion, Mr. Comey introduced that the F.B.I. wouldn’t advocate legal expenses within the Clinton investigation. The report discovered that it was “extraordinary and insubordinate for Comey to take action, and we discovered none of his causes to be a persuasive foundation for deviating from well-established division insurance policies in a approach deliberately designed to keep away from supervision by division management over his actions.”

The report makes obvious that Mr. Comey damage the F.B.I.

Mr. Comey has mentioned the choices he made in 2016 have been meant to guard the F.B.I. and protect it from politics. However the inspector common mentioned that Mr. Comey’s “choices negatively impacted the notion of the F.B.I. and the division as honest directors of justice.”

— Adam Goldman


The report helps a key rationale behind the choice to not cost Mrs. Clinton.

F.B.I. officers advisable no expenses in opposition to Mrs. Clinton or her aides beneath a statute that criminalizes “gross negligence” in dealing with categorized data. That call turned on an interpretation of the statute that units a excessive customary for what a defendant’s mind-set needed to be: The conduct should be “so gross as to virtually counsel deliberate intention,” be “criminally reckless” or fall “just a bit wanting willful.”

Whereas the inspector common report doesn’t take a contemporary take a look at the officers’ judgment that the proof within the Clinton case clearly fell wanting that customary, it backs their key interpretation of the regulation, saying it “was in line with the division’s historic method in prior circumstances beneath completely different management, together with within the 2008 choice to not prosecute former Lawyer Normal Alberto Gonzales for mishandling categorized paperwork.”

The report provides help for the bottom-line consequence of the e-mail investigation.

Mr. Trump and his supporters have repeatedly insinuated that the method was rigged and honest investigation would have resulted in charging Mrs. Clinton with against the law — an concept underlying requires the appointment of a second particular counsel to reinvestigate her. However the report’s endorsement of how investigators interpreted the regulation undermines that view.

— Charlie Savage


One other politicized F.B.I. textual content emerged, as did three extra texters.

The textual content was despatched by Peter Strzok, a senior F.B.I. official who labored on each the Clinton e-mail server and Russia investigations. Responding to a query by Lisa Web page, an F.B.I. lawyer, that Mr. Trump is “not ever going to be come president, proper? Proper?!” Mr. Strzok responded: “No. No he’s not. We’ll cease it.”

The report additionally says that three different unnamed F.B.I. officers engaged on the investigation expressed political beliefs, saying their conduct “has introduced discredit to themselves,” undermined confidence within the e-mail investigation and broken the popularity of the bureau.

Republicans may use this truth as new ammunition to painting the F.B.I.’s investigation of the Trump marketing campaign’s hyperlinks to Russia as unfair.

The inspector common mentioned it discovered no proof that the F.B.I. officers’ political beliefs had influenced the end result of the e-mail server case, though the report mentioned it couldn’t make sure whether or not one choice made by Mr. Strzok — to prioritize the Russia investigation over swiftly following up on the invention in late September 2016 of doable proof within the e-mail case — was “free from bias.”

However, the report mentioned the officers had broken the bureau’s “popularity for impartial fact-finding and political independence.” That conclusion appears more likely to develop into fodder for contemporary accusations of bias by Mr. Trump and his allies who’ve sought to discredit the Russia investigation by portraying its early phases as scandalous.

— Charlie Savage


Mr. Comey used private e-mail to conduct F.B.I. enterprise.

In a discovering drenched with irony, the inspector common report mentioned investigators found that three prime officers on the inquiry into Mrs. Clinton’s dealing with of delicate authorities data — Mr. Comey, Mr. Strzok and Ms. Web page — “used their private e-mail accounts to conduct F.B.I. enterprise.” Mr. Comey particularly used it on “quite a few situations” for unclassified enterprise.

Democrats may use this truth as new ammunition to painting the F.B.I. investigation into Mrs. Clinton’s use of a non-public e-mail server as unfair.

Some supporters of Mrs. Clinton have lengthy fumed that the F.B.I.’s choice to open a legal inquiry into her use of personal e-mail for official enterprise as secretary of state within the first place was unjustified as a result of it’s routine for officers to take action — or a minimum of was on the time. The investigation was targeted on a handful of emails later deemed to comprise categorized data.

The truth that Mr. Comey and others additionally typically used their private e-mail accounts for official enterprise underscores their argument. “I don’t know whether or not to snort or cry,” mentioned Brian Fallon, the previous Clinton marketing campaign spokesman.

— Charlie Savage


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