U.S. government has shut down: Why and now what? – National

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WASHINGTON – The U.S. authorities shutdown started at midnight Friday as Democrats and Republicans didn’t resolve a standoff over immigration and spending. Right here’s a have a look at what the events are combating over and what it means to close down the federal government.

WHAT ARE LAWMAKERS FIGHTING ABOUT?

Because the finish of the fiscal 12 months in September, the federal government has been working on non permanent funding measures. The present one expired at midnight. Republicans and Democrats haven’t been in a position to agree on spending ranges for the remainder of the 12 months, so one other short-term measure is the most probably resolution. The Home has handed a four-week invoice Thursday that additionally extends funding for a kids’s medical insurance program.

READ MORE: Donald Trump’s dealmaker picture shaken by U.S. authorities shutdown

However Democrats have been saying for weeks they need a funding measure to be tied to an immigration deal that protects the hundreds of younger immigrants going through deportation. The Deferred Motion for Childhood Arrivals program is ready to run out March 5, and members of each events have been engaged on an extension that will additionally beef up border safety.

That deal has not come collectively, and Democrats have determined to dig in. They blocked the Home-passed invoice. Either side have been nonetheless negotiating early Saturday.

THEY’VE BLOWN THE DEADLINE. NOW WHAT?

The federal government begins to close down. However not the entire authorities.

The air visitors management system, meals inspection, Medicare, veterans’ well being care and lots of different important authorities packages will run as regular. The Social Safety Administration is not going to solely ship out advantages however will even proceed to take purposes – although replacements for misplaced Social Safety playing cards might have to attend. The U.S. Postal Service, which is self-funded, will hold delivering the mail. The Federal Emergency Administration Company will proceed to answer final 12 months’s spate of disasters.

WATCH: U.S. senators again to negotiation desk after authorities shutdown





The Inside Division says nationwide parks and different public lands will stay as accessible as potential. The stance is a change from earlier shutdowns when most parks have been closed and have become high-profile symbols.

Spokeswoman Heather Swifts says the American public – particularly veterans who come to the nation’s capital – ought to discover struggle memorials and open-air parks open to guests. Swift says many nationwide parks and wildlife refuges nationwide will even be open with restricted entry when potential.

The Smithsonian museums and the Nationwide Zoo will keep open via the weekend however shut Monday.

DO FEDERAL WORKERS GET PAID?

Whereas they are often stored on the job, federal staff can’t receives a commission for days labored throughout a lapse in funding. Previously, nevertheless, they’ve been repaid retroactively even when they have been ordered to remain house.

Rush hour in downtown Washington, in the meantime, turns into a breeze. Tens of hundreds of federal staff are off the roads.

HOW OFTEN DID THIS HAPPEN IN THE PAST?

Manner again within the day, shutdowns normally weren’t that huge a deal. They occurred yearly when Jimmy Carter was president, averaging 11 days every. Throughout Ronald Reagan’s two phrases, there have been six shutdowns, sometimes only one or two days apiece. Offers obtained reduce. All people moved on.

WATCH: U.S. authorities enters partial shutdown after Senate fails to go finances invoice





The final one was a 16-day partial shuttering of the federal government in 2013, which got here as tea celebration conservatives, cheered on by exterior teams like Heritage Motion, demanded that language to dam implementation of President Barack Obama’s well being care legislation be added to a must-do funding invoice.

WHO WILL GET THE BLAME?

In a 1995-96 political battle, President Invoice Clinton bested Home Speaker Newt Gingrich and his band of budget-slashing conservatives, who have been decided to make use of a shutdown to pressure Clinton to signal onto a balanced finances settlement. Republicans have been saddled with the blame, however most People suffered comparatively minor inconveniences like closed parks and delays in processing passport purposes. The battle bolstered Clinton’s reputation and he sailed to re-election that November.

READ MORE: U.S. authorities shuts down, Congress to think about Three-week spending measure

In 2013, the tea celebration Republicans compelled the shutdown over the higher judgment of GOP leaders like then-Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio. Republicans tried to fund the federal government piecemeal – for instance, by forcing via laws to make sure navy service members obtained paid. However a broader effort faltered, and Republicans ultimately backed down and supported a spherical of finances talks led by Paul Ryan, R-Wis., then chairman of the Home Price range Committee.

Republicans are calling the present standoff the “Schumer Shutdown,” arguing that there’s nothing within the invoice that Democrats oppose, whereas a short-term extension would give lawmakers time to work out variations on points like defending younger immigrants and catastrophe help. Senate Minority Chief Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., says the GOP’s unwillingness to compromise has introduced Congress thus far. A Washington Publish-ABC Information ballot carried out earlier this week discovered 48 per cent view Trump and congressional Republicans as primarily chargeable for the scenario whereas 28 per cent fault Democrats. If the shutdown drags on for lengthy, it might give voters another excuse to show away from incumbents of each events in a midterm election.

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