Want to learn the fastest-growing programming languages of 2019? Check out these two unstoppable newcomers


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JavaScript spin-off TypeScript and Java sibling Kotlin as soon as once more race up the RedMonk Programming Language Rankings.

The very best programming languages to study in 2019: Prime coding expertise that pay you essentially the most
These are the languages which might be within the highest demand and supply the best salaries.

The rise of two programming languages continues unabated within the newest launch of the RedMonk Programming Language Rankings.

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JavaScript spin-off TypeScript and Java sibling Kotlin proceed to race up the rankings, which in any other case present little motion on the prime.

Primarily based on language rankings from two of the most important developer websites on-line, GitHub and Stack Overflow, RedMonk say the annual listing is meant to be “predictive of future use” of the languages featured.


Whereas TypeScript’s momentum slowed barely from its stellar development in 2018, it was nonetheless one of many quickest climbers, rising 4 locations to 12, placing it simply exterior the highest 10.

TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript, that means it permits builders to write down in vanilla JavaScript, but additionally provides new options to assist them construct bigger and extra advanced packages.

“The language actually advantages from its JavaScript proximity, in addition to security options such because the optionally available static type-checking,” writes Stephen O’Grady, RedMonk’s principal analyst and co-founder.

“However options alone are by no means sufficient by themselves to propel a language this far this shortly – it should be leveraged by a large base of rising initiatives – all of which explains why TypeScript’s trajectory is important and sustainable.”

Right this moment the Microsoft-created language is used to construct some main functions, reminiscent of Microsoft’s Visible Studio Code editor.


Whereas TypeScript could also be quick rising and comparatively extremely positioned, it isn’t climbing the rankings as quickly as Kotlin.

Kotlin is a contemporary different to Java that’s simple to study and use, which acquired an enormous enhance in 2017 when Google designated it an formally supported language for constructing Android apps. It has been described by a Netflix senior software program engineer as providing “a number of the finest options of different languages” mixed with “interoperability with Java”, as a result of its potential to run on the Java Digital Machine (JVM).

SEE: Job description: Java developer (Tech Professional Analysis)

Kotlin stood out within the 2019 rankings as the one JVM-targeted language to develop in recognition, with Kotlin up eight locations whereas its JVM stablemates declined: with Scala falling one place, and Clojure and Groovy dropping three spots.

“It is nonetheless properly behind Scala (#13), however Kotlin’s development has been second solely to Swift on this historical past of those rankings so it is going to be attention-grabbing to see what lies forward within the subsequent run or two,” writes O’Grady.

Julia and Rust

Exterior of those quick climbers, O’Grady additionally highlights relative newcomers Julia and Rust as languages to look at.

The Julia programming language is designed to mix the pace of C with the usability of Python, the dynamism of Ruby, the mathematical prowess of MatLab, and the statistical chops of R – with the creators going so far as to explain it as a language for builders “who need all of it”. Within the seven years since its launch, it is discovered favor as a language for constructing machine-learning fashions and working supercomputer simulations.

Julia solely climbed two locations to 34 on this yr’s rankings, however O’Grady sees some parallels with TypeScript’s early utilization.

“It’s price noting that three years in the past in our Q1 rankings TypeScript made an identical modest bounce from #33 to #31,” he writes.

“That isn’t to say that Julia is destined to comply with in TypeScript’s footprints, after all, however relatively to function a reminder that whereas it is unusual languages can transition shortly from intervals of sluggish, barely measurable development to excessive, sustained development quarter after quarter.”

In the meantime Rust, is static, holding regular at quantity 23 within the listing.

Rust is designed to supply the quick efficiency of C and C++ however with safeguards to make it tougher for surprising habits to creep into software program as a result of reminiscence mismanagement.

Its recognition is beginning to construct and at the moment it’s used to construct software program for the online, embedded computer systems, distributed providers, and the command line.

O’Grady mentioned Rust being at a standstill needs to be considered in context of it being a “methods language” that “suffers from the bounds of a decrease recognition ceiling”.

“Even when Rust by no means will get a lot past the place it’s at the moment, it is nonetheless rating greater than well-known languages such because the aforementioned Clojure and Groovy, in addition to CoffeeScript, Dart or Visible Primary,” he writes.

To seek out out extra about Rust, try TechRepublic’s information to sources for studying Rust on-line.

Are Go and R stagnating?

The info science language R and methods orchestration language Go each noticed a slight dip, dropping a single place within the rankings to tie at quantity 15.

O’Grady was unsure about Go’s future, saying that whereas Go is valued as a language for deploying infrastructure, it had did not broaden its potential makes use of in the identical means as languages like Java.

Regardless of this rating, Go expertise appear to coincide with well-paid roles, with the Cube 2019 Tech Wage Report naming Go because the language related to the best paying tech jobs.

In the meantime O’Grady defined R’s placement as being associated to its concentrate on a comparatively slim area and mentioned the language continued to serve a “vibrant base of analytical and knowledge science use instances”. His assertion is backed by a Kaggle survey from final yr, which discovered R was essentially the most generally used language by statisticians and knowledge scientists of their jobs.

There was little change on the prime of the rankings, with JavaScript persevering with to occupy the primary spot, because it has finished for the previous 5 years, adopted by incumbents Java and Python at quantity two and three respectively.

You may see this yr’s RedMonk Programming Language Rankings in full under (the place languages are tied the identical quantity seems a number of occasions).

1. JavaScript

2. Java

three. Python

four. PHP

5. C#

6. C++

7. CSS

eight. Ruby

9. C

10. Goal-C

11. Swift

12. TypeScript

13. Scala

14. Shell

15. Go

15. R

17. PowerShell

18. Perl

19. Haskell

20. Kotlin

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