What happens during a US government shutdown

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President Donald Trump and Republican leaders in Congress are racing to fulfill a midnight Friday deadline to move a short-term spending invoice to maintain the U.S. authorities open and stop companies from shutting down.

Throughout authorities shutdowns, workers in all three branches of presidency are weak to furlough, or momentary unpaid go away. Different “important” staff, together with these coping with public security and nationwide safety, proceed working, some with and others with out pay.

After earlier authorities shutdowns, Congress handed measures to make sure that important and nonessential workers obtained retroactive pay.

The final authorities shutdown in October 2013 lasted greater than two weeks and greater than 800,000 federal workers have been furloughed. Here’s a sampling of what occurred, primarily based on earlier Reuters experiences and authorities sources:

NATIONAL PARKS: Nationwide parks closed and in a single day guests got two days to depart, leading to a lack of 750,000 each day guests, in keeping with the nonprofit Nationwide Parks Conservation Affiliation. The Nationwide Park Service estimated that the shutdown resulted in $500 million in misplaced customer spending in areas surrounding parks and the Smithsonian museums.

WASHINGTON TOURIST SIGHTS: Widespread vacationer locations such because the Smithsonian closed, with barricades going up on the Lincoln Memorial, the Library of Congress and the Nationwide Archives. The Nationwide Zoo closed to guests and its fashionable “Panda Cam” went darkish shortly after the start of a much-watched cub.

TAXES: The Inner Income Service furloughed 90 p.c of its workers, in accordance the liberal Middle for American Progress. About $four billion in tax refunds have been delayed in consequence, in keeping with the Workplace of Administration and Funds, or OMB.

MAIL DELIVERY: Deliveries continued as normal as a result of the U.S. Postal Service receives no tax for day-to-day operations and depends on earnings from stamps and different charges.

TRAVEL: Air and rail vacationers didn’t really feel a huge impact as a result of safety officers and air site visitors controllers remained at work.Passport processing continued with some delays, as operations are funded by each charges and cash appropriated by Congress.

COURTS: Federal courts, together with the Supreme Court docket, remained open. The Administrative Workplace of the U.S. Courts has mentioned federal courts might proceed to function usually for about three weeks with out further funding.

HEALTHCARE: Signal-ups for the newly created Obamacare medical health insurance exchanges started as scheduled. The Medicare medical health insurance program for the aged additionally continued largely with out disruption. A program on the U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention to trace flu outbreaks was quickly halted. Tons of of sufferers couldn’t enroll in Nationwide Institutes of Well being medical trials, in keeping with the OMB.

CHILDREN: Six Head Begin applications working in Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and South Carolina serving about 6,300 youngsters shut for 9 days earlier than reopening with cash offered by philanthropists, in keeping with the OMB.

SOCIAL SECURITY: Social Safety and incapacity checks have been issued with no change in cost dates and area workplaces remained open however provided restricted companies. There have been delays within the overview course of for brand spanking new candidates.

MILITARY: All navy personnel continued on regular obligation standing however about half of the Protection Division’s 800,000 civilian workers have been positioned on unpaid go away. Almost all have been recalled one week into the shutdown after the Protection Division carried out the Pay Our Army Act, which had just lately been handed by Congress.

LOANS: The processing of mortgages and different loans was delayed when lenders couldn’t entry authorities companies corresponding to earnings and Social Safety quantity verification. The Small Enterprise Administration was unable to course of about 700 purposes for $140 million in loans till the shutdown ended, in keeping with the Congressional Funds Workplace.

VETERANS: Division of Veterans Affairs companies continued, together with the operation of VA hospitals.

FOOD INSPECTIONS: Division of Agriculture meat inspectors stayed on the job. Agricultural statistical experiences ceased publication. The USDA’s web site went darkish and linked to a web page explaining the shutdown.

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