What is Huawei Technologies and why is the Chinese company so controversial? – National


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The arrest in Canada of Meng Wanzhou, a high government at China’s Huawei Applied sciences and daughter of the founder and CEO, jolted the worldwide enterprise group on Thursday and raised fears truce within the U.S.-China commerce warfare might come to a swift finish.

Huawei CFO Wanzhou Meng arrested in Vancouver, faces extradition to U.S.

Meng’s arrest got here on the behest of U.S. authorities and is linked to an investigation into alleged violations of U.S. commerce sanctions, an individual accustomed to the matter instructed Reuters. China’s overseas ministry stated neither the USA nor Canada have defined causes for the arrest.

What’s Huawei?

Huawei is the world’s largest provider of telecommunications community tools and second-biggest maker of smartphones, with income of about $92 billion final yr. In contrast to different huge Chinese language know-how companies, it does a lot of its enterprise abroad and is a market chief in lots of nations throughout Europe, Asia and Africa.

The corporate was based in 1987 by former army officer Ren Zhengfei. It stays privately held and describes itself as employee-owned, although its possession construction is unknown. It’s primarily based within the southern Chinese language tech hub of Shenzhen and employs about 180,000 individuals.

WATCH: China calls on Canada, U.S. to launch Huawei CFO after being arrested in Vancouver

How did the corporate turn out to be so profitable?

Huawei was a pioneering provider of telecom gear at a time when China was spending closely to improve its networks, importing a lot of its tools. Huawei started competing internationally within the 1990s and was identified for drastically undercutting rivals on value.

Rivals branded Huawei a cut-rate vendor of copycat tools, and firms together with Cisco Programs and Motorola filed lawsuits over alleged commerce secret theft.

Huawei’s smartphone deal with AT&T collapses due to U.S. government pressure

However Huawei spent closely on analysis and growth and is now considered a worldwide chief in key telecom community applied sciences and high-end smartphones. In distinction, its main Western rivals, Nokia and Ericsson, have struggled financially in recent times.

Huawei at present continues to broaden into new areas together with chip growth, synthetic intelligence and cloud computing.

Why have some governments banned Huawei tools?

U.S. intelligence businesses allege that Huawei is linked to China’s authorities and that its tools might include “backdoors” to be used by authorities spies. No proof has been produced publicly and the agency has repeatedly denied the claims.

However suspicions persist. Concern now centres on the deployment of fifth-generation (5G) cell networks, the place Huawei is on the leading edge. A brand new legislation in China requiring any home agency to help the federal government when requested has additionally stoked concern.

WATCH: Huawei’s chief monetary officer arrested in Vancouver.

The U.S. authorities has taken a sequence of steps to dam the agency from U.S. markets, together with banning authorities purchases ofHuawei gear and denying authorities assist to any provider that makes use of Huawei tools. Prime carriers Verizon Communications and AT&T pulled out of offers to distribute Huawei smartphones earlier this yr.

Most nations, even shut U.S. allies akin to Canada, Britain and Germany, haven’t made any strikes in opposition to Huawei, arguing they’ve adequate procedures to check tools for safety. However Australia and New Zealand just lately banned Huawei from constructing 5G networks, and there are indications that different nations together with Germany are revisiting the problem.

Is the arrest of Meng Wanzhou associated to those safety issues?

U.S. authorities haven’t disclosed circumstances surrounding Meng’s arrest, however an individual accustomed to the matter instructed Reuters the arrest pertains to violations of U.S. commerce sanctions. Reuters printed an investigation virtually six years in the past about her and Huawei’s ties to an organization name Skycom that attempted to promote Hewlett-Packard pc tools to an Iranian mobile-phone operator, in contravention of these sanctions.

Wasn’t one other Chinese language firm additionally accused of Iran sanctions violations?

Huawei’s smaller rival ZTE Corp pleaded responsible final yr to conspiring to evade embargoes by promoting U.S. tools to Iran. Earlier this yr, the U.S. Commerce Division stated ZTE violated the settlement and barred it from shopping for any U.S. elements – a transfer that every one however halted many ZTE operations.

New Zealand becomes latest country to bar Huawei technology from 5G network

A brand new settlement was reached and the ban lifted on the behest of U.S. President Donald Trump, a perceived concession to Chinese language President Xi Jinping that shocked and angered others within the U.S. authorities.

Are these points associated to the U.S.-China commerce warfare?

The sanctions investigations lengthy preceded the commerce warfare. However the timing of the arrest tangles the problems because it got here simply as Presidents Trump and Xi reached a short lived commerce warfare truce. Monetary markets turned destructive on information of the arrest on fears it might scupper the truce. Nonetheless, there is no such thing as a proof of it being a deliberate provocation by the U.S. slightly than simply a clumsy coincidence.

WATCH: Canada but to dam 5G know-how from China’s Huawei

What would possibly occur to Huawei now?

A ban on U.S. part purchases, such because the one briefly imposed on ZTE, can be devastating, however there is no such thing as a fast motive to counsel that may occur. If the case prompts main European nations specifically to show in opposition to the agency, that might have a long-term influence on its development and affect.

Nonetheless, Huawei’s standing as a kingpin of China’s high-tech trade, at a time when the nation is racing to meet up with the U.S. in troublesome areas akin to chip growth, means it would virtually definitely stay a robust pressure for years to come back.

WATCH: Trudeau says resolution to ban Huawei 5G know-how might be primarily based on details and proof

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