What new collaborations will you be doing in Microsoft’s Fluid Framework?



Microsoft guarantees a brand new sort of shared interactive expertise inside paperwork. However what does that basically imply, and what does SharePoint must do with it?

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When Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella talked on the Construct convention about bringing “the following technology of real-time collaboration to the online”, the apparent comparability was Google Docs, which continues to be seen because the excessive level for co-authoring regardless of Workplace having a lot the identical co-authoring instruments each within the desktop and internet functions. 

The best way the Fluid Framework breaks up paperwork into constructing blocks that you could collaborate on and mix into a brand new sort of doc that is not restricted to being a spreadsheet, a slide deck or doc, could have rung just a few different bells if you happen to’ve been following the know-how business for lengthy sufficient.

The concept of compound paperwork made up of chunks of knowledge from, say, a spreadsheet and a charting instrument and a phrase processor, sounds relatively like what Apple hoped to realize with OpenDoc, or the ‘common canvas’ of Netdocs, a productiveness instrument that Microsoft was constructing utilizing XML to place a number of instruments right into a single early SaaS software. It is also what you possibly can already do with OLE compound paperwork in Home windows, though it isn’t extensively used and efficiency has tended to be poor.

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The near-instant look of textual content typed by one particular person on the display screen of another person working in the identical doc within the Fluid demos was positively quicker than the co-authoring you see in Phrase at the moment, the place content material tends to look in chunks relatively than one letter at a time. What Nadella did not say on stage was that the cloud platform behind the Fluid Framework is definitely SharePoint On-line, and that is the place the spectacular efficiency comes from.

The structure for the way SharePoint On-line makes use of Azure SQL and Azure Blob Storage, and the way in which it talks to Workplace functions that open paperwork saved there was considerably rewritten over the past couple of years, with an entire new file I/O stack for Home windows primarily based on the HTTP and IP protocols. The primary place you will see that seem is within the Workplace Professional Plus functions, with PowerPoint not ready till a big slide deck has downloaded earlier than letting you begin viewing or enhancing the primary few slides, for instance. 


Utilizing the Fluid Framework to translate textual content into a number of languages in Phrase On-line.

Picture: Microsoft

That new SharePoint storage layer on Azure can be what underlies Fluid, says Workplace 365 product advertising basic supervisor Seth Patton. “Fluid is all primarily based on fairly important developments that we have made within the turbocharged SharePoint file storage; there is a bunch of back-end enhancements that we have made that has resulted in all the pieces from higher file add and obtain occasions, and Fluid is benefiting from that for brand new collaboration situations.”

Patton describes the Fluid framework as “A brand new distributed information construction platform that permits for hyper-performant situations with AI included. Give it some thought as the power to have, say, concurrently 18 completely different folks which are all over the world in several geographies with not simply real-time collaboration, however AI translations taking place on the identical time in sub milliseconds.” In different phrases, do not consider SharePoint as gradual or clunky, or simply an intranet website and doc library: consider it as “a brand new hyper-fast and performant cloud platform that has AI constructed into it.”

What you’re employed with by way of that SharePoint storage layer and distributed information construction is not simply a regular Workplace doc; it is an Workplace doc damaged up into items — “parts that may then be shared throughout different apps which have the power to collaborate inside the finish factors [with the changes] coming again to the unique file.”

So a ‘compound’ Phrase doc may embrace a element that is a desk somebody might be enhancing within the Phrase doc, however that may also be shared right into a Groups dialog the place another person might be including extra info. And if you happen to flip the desk right into a chart and e-mail it to extra folks, they do not get an image of the chart — they get a reside chart that updates because the figures within the underlying desk change. 

Good and shredded

This provides as much as what Workplace 365 company vp Jeff Teper calls “real-time, close to zero-latency co-authoring on parts between people and AI.”

AI in Fluid doesn’t suggest your paperwork getting written for you; it means quite a lot of instruments that will help you work, together with the way in which paperwork get damaged up into parts. The true-time translation within the Fluid demo is one use of AI, however Fluid might have many extra AI instruments, from spell-checking to making sure you are not utilizing inner codenames for merchandise in a public doc, to in search of personally identifiable info and different compliance points. 

The Fluid demo the place an AI instrument tip reveals the most effective sort of chart to elucidate the information in a desk could have seemed acquainted if you happen to’ve already used Excel Concepts, which brings a few of the Energy BI automated insights to tables in your spreadsheet. (It can nonetheless depend on having structured information with the fitting labels, nevertheless it appears like a extra built-in expertise.) 

Consider these AI instruments being like bots in Slack or Groups; you select those which are helpful and so they run robotically within the background whereas individuals are engaged on a doc or contributing to it by way of Groups.

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AI will even assist break paperwork up into chunks. One of many issues with compound paperwork earlier than is that it has been plenty of work for customers to mark up and share chunks of paperwork apart from by simply copying and pasting them, which loses the connection to the unique doc.

Fluid will work with Microsoft Search to recommend helpful content material to incorporate, constructing on the way in which Phrase permits you to point out folks with an @ signal and create to-do gadgets inside a doc to assign to them, or the way in which Bing can spotlight key info from related internet pages proper within the search outcomes, pulling out the related items of paperwork. Teper talks about what you are able to do with Fluid when it comes to composable paperwork and discoverable parts.

“One of many issues we’re engaged on with Microsoft Search is shredding the content material for photos and slides,” he explains. “Going one step additional, you can say ‘insert quarterly gross sales’ and we can’t insert the quarterly gross sales slide presentation — we’ll have hopefully discovered the fitting desk from the most-visited slide or doc and recommend that for you. That pertains to the Fluid framework as effectively, the place we get extra crisp about these parts, so you possibly can say ‘I do not need the entire doc, I simply need this desk’.”


Updating the identical desk in a Phrase doc and reside in a Groups chat utilizing Fluid parts permits you to combine other ways of collaborating.

Picture: Microsoft

Past Workplace

At Construct, Microsoft emphasised that Fluid will work throughout browsers; the demos confirmed tables and charts being edited and up to date within the on-line variations of Phrase, Groups and Outlook. On the latest SharePoint convention, Microsoft demonstrated Fluid working in a SharePoint internet web page. “That is a SharePoint internet half with the SharePoint framework consumer expertise layer speaking to the brand new information layer, the Fluid layer, and persisting in to the brand new SharePoint storage layer constructed inside Azure,” Teper defined within the keynote.

However Fluid appears prone to work with desktop and cell functions as effectively (and the SDK due later this 12 months will let builders constructed it into their very own apps). “We’ll carry this know-how to a number of apps together with — hopefully — ultimately OneNote,” Teper instructed us.

There may also be model new Fluid apps too. Doing the demos in Phrase was a manner of introducing new concepts in a well-recognized context, however Teper identified the liberty of making a brand new app like Groups the place folks do not have so many expectations about how the software program is meant to work. “We’ll take a look at Fluid in experiences like that the place we’ve got a licence to create new muscle reminiscence. We’ll use the know-how in each evolutionary experiences, the place [people will say] ‘nice, it is quicker’, and in additional revolutionary experiences.”

And if Fluid reminds you of concepts just like the common canvas which were tried earlier than, Teper would not disagree. “I believe we’ve got new know-how to resolve the issue higher than it has been solved earlier than — together with by us.”

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