Why North Korean soldiers might decide to defect – National


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On Thursday, beneath a thick fog, a North Korean soldier ran throughout the demilitarized zone to security in South Korea. He was chased by fellow troopers and South Koreans fired just a few warning pictures in response.

South Koreans fire 20 warning shots at North Korean troops looking for defector

That is the second such incident in a little bit over a month – one other North Korean soldier was shot and wounded as he made a dramatic escape in November. In response to South Korean officers, 4 North Korean troopers have defected this 12 months throughout the border.

It’s exhausting to attract conclusions about North Korea from simply 4 incidents as individuals’s purpose for leaving will be very private, however consultants are watching these army defections carefully for clues about what’s taking place within the secretive nation.

Escape by the DMZ

The overwhelming majority of defectors select to flee North Korea by way of its northern border with China. An individual needs to be extremely motivated to go away North Korea to attempt to cross the DMZ, mentioned David Maxwell, a fellow on the Institute for Korean-American Research and a retired U.S. colonel who served for years in South Korea, together with patrolling the DMZ.

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It’s a harmful proposition. The DMZ is 4 kilometres extensive: two kilometres on both sides of the border. Each the North and South have fences alongside their aspect, with a largely empty space in between. The road within the center between the North and South doesn’t even have a fence. As an alternative, it’s received signposts each 100 metres warning individuals away.

There are some guard posts contained in the fences belonging to each militaries. The DMZ, basically, is closely militarized, and there are many landmines and army patrols in between the 2 sides. Maxwell suspects that this second North Korean defector was working at one of many guard posts, contained in the fence, when he used the duvet of fog to slide away.

WATCH: The U.N. Command has launched video of a North Korean soldier’s sprint throughout the DMZ in an effort to defect to the South, whereas beneath hearth by his fellow countrymen. WARNING: Video comprises graphic photographs. Discretion is suggested.

He may need left for very strange causes, like not trusting his officers, mentioned Maxwell. However to him, the true query isn’t a lot why individuals go away, because the poverty and oppression in North Korea is apparent and plenty of would need to search a greater life elsewhere. He thinks it’s value asking why extra individuals don’t go.

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“I believe a lot of them are restrained by the specter of what would come of their kin,” he mentioned. “This soldier, probably his household, his mother and father, his grandparents will all be going to the gulag. They’ll undergo horrendously for his actions. That usually prevents individuals from defecting.”

“To beat that, one thing’s received to be actually dangerous. His life needs to be threatened.”

Well being issues

Phil Robertson, deputy director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia division, mentioned he’s involved in regards to the poor well being of the troopers who defect. The one who fled in November was discovered to have untreated hepatitis and intestinal parasites.

“That is surprising as a result of DMZ-based troopers definitely needed to cross many loyalty assessments to Kim Jong-un and the DPRK authorities earlier than being positioned on obligation in such a high-profile and militarily delicate submit,” he wrote in an e-mail. “Presumably, they might additionally get the perfect rations and well being care that the federal government has to supply as a way to perform their assignments — however apparently North Korea has little or no left to present them.”

North Korean defector stable, but riddled with parasites

If the troopers are in such poor form, he wrote, he wonders how strange individuals are doing.

Roberta Cohen, co-chair emeritus for the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, a U.S.-based NGO, can also be involved about defectors’ well being. “You’d have another excuse for troopers to be leaving: that they’re not privileged, at the very least the strange troopers, they usually don’t have ample medical care, they don’t have ample meals.”

Chain of command

When a soldier defects, his fellow troopers face penalties, mentioned Maxwell. These in his chain of command is likely to be punished for letting their soldier defect, which could make them, in flip, extra prone to flee themselves.

“We’ve to contemplate soldier’s means to defect is an indicator of a breakdown within the chain of command.

“For a soldier to defect, any person was not doing their job guarding the realm the place this soldier was from, or he may have been the guard. So for him to do that on his personal, he needed to get by the defences there and be unobserved. So there was a breakdown,” he mentioned.

South Korea reportedly using loudspeakers to broadcast news of North Korean defector across border

What he can be most troubled to see is an incident the place a small group of troopers defect collectively.

“The complete system within the North is to forestall any sort of conspiracy at any degree, and the system that they’ve, all people reviews on all people else. But when they begin to defect in numbers, small numbers, that implies that they both now not concern that system or situations are so dangerous that they’re keen to conspire and take the chance of speaking to another person about defecting.”

If a bunch of individuals defected, that will be an indication of instability within the regime, he thinks, which is worrying.

“Regime collapse is just not prone to be a benign occasion.”

WATCH: North Korean defector Ellie Cha describes the second she realized that Vietnamese authorities have been sending her household again to China, the place they is likely to be deported again to North Korea.

What he’s not frightened about is the occasional pictures being fired across the DMZ when somebody escapes. There have been “a whole lot” of incidents the place each side fired at one another, he mentioned, and it’s by no means escalated a lot.

“It’s an instance of the professionalism of the militaries on each side that these incidents haven’t escalated, haven’t gotten uncontrolled. I believe miscalculation will come from the political leaders, not from the army leaders on the bottom on the tactical degree.”

— With information from Reuters

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