Why Trump’s promise to move US Embassy to Jerusalem is so controversial

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President Trump introduced late final 12 months that the U.S. will formally acknowledge Jerusalem because the capital of Israel – and it seems like the brand new U.S. embassy can be prepared forward of schedule.

The U.S. embassy in Jerusalem will open by the top of 2019, Vice President Mike Pence stated Monday. Earlier estimates recommended the embassy’s transfer from Tel Aviv might take as much as 4 years.

The Trump administration’s resolution to acknowledge Jerusalem because the capital was heralded by many pro-Israel activists however decried by Palestinians and America’s Arab allies.

Learn on to search out out why the choice is so contentious — and why it wasn’t achieved earlier than.

Discovering the capital

The worldwide neighborhood – and till 2017, the U.S. – largely doesn’t acknowledge Jerusalem because the capital of Israel as it’s claimed by each Palestinians and Israelis. Like different international locations, the U.S. has stored its embassy in Tel Aviv, roughly an hour away.

The U.S. shifting its embassy would trigger “important hurt to the U.S. credibility as a mediator” for peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians, stated Dylan Williams, vice chairman of presidency affairs for J Road, a left-leaning pro-Israel advocacy group.

Williams added that the transfer might “undermine confidence” from Palestinians and Arab international locations that the U.S. would stay an neutral negotiator in efforts to create peace within the Center East. 

“It shouldn’t be moved previous to settlement by the events to the battle as a part of a complete settlement ending their battle,” Williams, J Road’s chief lobbyist, advised Fox Information. 

Williams added that such a transfer might additionally flip lethal.

“Even seemingly minor adjustments of Jerusalem’s established order — both in truth or in legislation — have traditionally had the affect of sparking violence,” Williams stated.

Help for Jerusalem

Thousands and thousands of evangelical eyes had been on Trump, ready to see if he would maintain his marketing campaign promise to maneuver the embassy, longtime Pastor John Hagee advised Fox Information forward of the president’s official announcement. 

“I can guarantee you that 60 million evangelicals are watching this promise intently as a result of if President Trump strikes the embassy into Jerusalem, he’ll traditionally step into immortality,” Hagee stated. “He can be remembered for 1000’s of years for his act of braveness to deal with Israel like we already deal with different nations.” 

“If he doesn’t, he can be remembered as simply one other president who made a promise he didn’t maintain which might generate huge disappointment in that robust evangelical base that went to vote for him in opposition to Hillary Clinton,” he added. 

“Trump can be remembered for 1000’s of years for his act of braveness to deal with Israel like we already deal with different nations.”

– Pastor John Hagee

Hagee is the founder and senior pastor of Cornerstone Church, a megachurch in San Antonio, Texas. He based the nonprofit Christians United for Israel in 2006, as properly.

Pence turned the primary ever sitting American vice chairman to deal with the Israeli Knesset on Jan. 22 – and he reiterated the administration’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

“I’m right here to convey one easy message. America stands with Israel. We stand with Israel as a result of your trigger is our trigger, your values are our values, and your battle is our battle,” Pence stated. “We stand with Israel as a result of we consider in proper over flawed, good over evil, and liberty over tyranny.”

A March 2016 Gallup ballot discovered that almost all of Individuals didn’t specific an opinion when requested if the U.S. embassy ought to transfer from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. However of those that did have an opinion, Individuals had been cut up with 24 p.c supporting a transfer and 20 p.c disagreeing with relocation.

Congressional authority

Trump isn’t the one president to declare his intentions to maneuver the U.S. embassy; each former Presidents Invoice Clinton and George W. Bush additionally pledged to maneuver the embassy — solely to desert the thought as soon as within the White Home.

Congress accredited in 1995 the funding and relocation of the embassy to Jerusalem by 1999. However the legislation included a stipulation, permitting for presidents to signal steady waivers to stall the relocation. Each president since has used the waiver in an effort to keep away from battle with the peace negotiations.

Fox Information’ John Roberts, Leland Vittert and The Related Press contributed to this report.

Kaitlyn Schallhorn is a Reporter for Fox Information. Observe her on Twitter @K_Schallhorn.

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