A Threat to Business and Financial Markets: Misuse of Climate Data

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Why services require the climate-equivalent of a ‘weather service.’

The findings are released in the prominent journal, Nature Climate Change, and gets in touch with services, the monetary services market and regulators to work more carefully with environment researchers.

Regulators and federal governments — both domestic and global — are significantly needing that services examine and divulge their vulnerability to the physical results of environment modification, for instance, increased dry spell, bushfires, and water level increase.

“People are making strategically material decisions on a daily basis, and raising debt or capital to finance these, but the decisions may not have properly considered climate risk,” stated lead author Dr. Tanya Fiedler from the University of Sydney Business School.

“To assess the physical risks of climate change, businesses are referencing climate models, which are publicly available but complex. The problem arises when this information is used for the purpose of assessing financial risk, because the methodologies of those undertaking the risk assessment can be ‘black boxed’ and in some instances are commercial in confidence. This means the market is unable to form a view.”

Co-author on the paper, Professor Andy Pitman from the University of New South Wales, stated: “Businesses want to know which of their assets and operations are at risk of flooding, cyclones or wind damage and when, but providing that information using existing global climate models is a struggle. There is, of course, very useful information available from climate models, but using it in assessing business risk requires a bespoke approach and a deep engagement between business and climate modelers.”

Professor Pitman, Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes, included: “A whole host of issues can trip up the unwary, ranging from the type of model, how it was set up, how changes in greenhouse gases were represented, what time period is being considered and how “independent” of each other the various designs genuinely are.”

To deal with the space in between science and company, a paradigm shift is required.

Professor Christian Jakob from Monash University, another co-author of the research study, stated: “Climate modeling needs to be elevated from a largely research-focused activity to a level akin to that of operational weather forecasting — a level that is of tangible and practical value to business.”

Without such a method, the paper highlights a few of the unexpected repercussions occurring from environment details being utilized wrongly.

“As with any form of decision-making, businesses could be operating under a false sense of security that arises when non-experts draw conclusions believed to be defensible, when they are not,” Dr. Fiedler, a professional at the University of Sydney’s Discipline of Accounting, stated.

“Our study proposes a new approach with deep engagement between governments, business and science to create information that is fit for purpose. Until this happens, your best bet is to go to the source — the climate modelers themselves.”

Reference: “Business risk and the emergence of climate analytics” by Tanya Fiedler, Andy J. Pitman, Kate Mackenzie, Nick Wood, Christian Jakob and Sarah E. Perkins-Kirkpatrick, 8 February 2021, Nature Climate Change.
DOI: 10.1038/s41558-020-00984-6

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