Ghostly Boson Clouds Could Solve the Mystery of Dark Matter

Astrophysics Space Dark Matter Concept

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The hunt for gravitational waves, ripples in area and time brought on by significant cosmic catastrophes, might assist resolve among the Universe’s other burning secrets– boson clouds and whether they are a leading competitor for dark matter.

Researchers are utilizing effective instruments, like the sophisticated Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory ( LIGO), sophisticated Virgo, and KAGRA, that identify gravitational waves approximately billions of light-years away to find prospective boson clouds.

Boson clouds, comprised of ultralight subatomic particles that are practically difficult to identify, have actually been recommended as a possible source of dark matter– which represents about 85 percent of all matter in the Universe.

Now a significant brand-new worldwide research study performed in the LIGO-Virgo- KAGRA cooperation and co-led by scientists from The Australian National University (ANU), uses among the very best leads yet to pursue these subatomic particles by looking for gravitational waves brought on by boson clouds circling around great voids.

Dr Lilli Sun, from the ANU Centre for Gravitational Astrophysics, stated the research study was the very first all-sky study worldwide customized to search for forecasted gravitational waves originating from possible boson clouds near quickly spinning great voids.

Lilli Sun

Dr Lilli Sun is on the hunt for boson clouds– a crucial competitor for dark matter. Credit: Tracey Nearmy/ ANU

“It is almost impossible to detect these ultralight boson particles on Earth,”Dr Sun stated.

“The particles, if they exist, have exceptionally little mass and seldom engage with other matter– which is among the essential homes that dark matter appears to have. Dark matter is product that can not be seen straight, however we understand that dark matter exists due to the fact that of the impact it has on items that we can observe.

“But by searching for gravitational waves emitted by these clouds we may be able to track down these elusive boson particles and possibly crack the code of dark matter. Our searches could also allow us to rule out certain ultralight boson particles that our theories say could exist but actually don’t.”

Dr Sun, likewise an Associate Investigator at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery (OzGrav), stated gravitational wave detectors permitted scientists to take a look at the energy of quickly turning great voids drawn out by such clouds if they exist.

“We believe these black holes trap a huge number of boson particles in their powerful gravity field, creating a cloud corotating with them. This delicate dance continues for millions of years and keeps generating gravitational waves that hurtle through space,” she stated.

While the scientists have not yet found gravitational waves from boson clouds,Dr Sun stated gravitational wave science had “opened doors that were previously locked to scientists.”

“Gravitational-wave discoveries not only provide information about mysterious compact objects in the Universe, like black holes and neutron stars, they also allow us to look for new particles and dark matter,” she stated.

“Future gravitational wave detectors will definitely open more possibilities. We will have the ability to reach much deeper into the Universe and find more insights about these particles.

“For example, the discovery of boson clouds using gravitational wave detectors would bring important insights about dark matter and help advance other searches for dark matter. It would also advance our understanding of particle physics more broadly.”

In another considerable development, the research study likewise shed more light on the possibility of boson clouds existing in our own galaxy by taking into account their ages.

Dr Sun stated the strength of any gravitational wave depends upon the age of the cloud, with older ones sending weaker signals.

“The boson cloud shrinks as it loses energy by sending out gravitational waves,”Dr Sun stated.

“We learned that a particular type of boson cloud younger than 1,000 years is not likely to exist anywhere in our galaxy, while clouds that are up to 10 million years old are not likely to exist within about 3,260 light-years from Earth.”

Reference: “All-sky search for gravitational wave emission from scalar boson clouds around spinning black holes in LIGO O3 data” by The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, the Virgo Collaboration, the KAGRA Collaboration: R. Abbott, H. Abe, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, N. Adhikari, R. X. Adhikari, V. K. Adkins, V. B. Adya, C. Affeldt, D. Agarwal, M. Agathos, K. Agatsuma, N. Aggarwal, O. D. Aguiar, L. Aiello, A. Ain, P. Ajith, T. Akutsu, S. Albanesi, R. A. Alfaidi, A. Allocca, P. A. Altin, A. Amato, C. Anand, S. Anand, A. Ananyeva, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, M. Ando, T. Andrade, N. Andres, M. Andr és-Carcasona, T. Andri ć, S. V. Angelova, S. Ansoldi, J. M. Antelis, S. Antier, T. Apostolatos, E. Z. Appavuravther, S. Appert, S. K. Apple, K. Arai, A. Araya, M. C. Araya, J. S. Areeda, M. Ar ène, N. Aritomi, N. Arnaud, M. Arogeti, S. M. Aronson, K. G. Arun, H. Asada, Y. Asali, G. Ashton, Y. Aso, M. Assiduo, S. Assis de Souza Melo, S. M. Aston, P. Astone, F. Aubin, K. AultONeal, C. Austin, S. Babak, F. Badaracco, M. K. M. Bader, C. Badger, S. Bae, Y. Bae, A. M. Baer, S. Bagnasco, Y. Bai, J. Baird, R. Bajpai, T. Baka, M. Ball, G. Ballardin, S. W. Ballmer, A. Balsamo, G. Baltus, S. Banagiri, B. Banerjee, D. Bankar, J. C. Barayoga, C. Barbieri, B. C. Barish, D. Barker, P. Barneo, F. Barone, B. Barr, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, D. Barta, J. Bartlett, M. A. Barton, I. Bartos, S. Basak, R. Bassiri et al., 30 November 2021, Astrophysics > > High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
arXiv: 2111.15507

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