Risk of Stroke Surges 50% Worldwide – What Can Be Done About It?

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Since 2005, stroke incidence has elevated by 50% globally, with one-in-four individuals anticipated to expertise a stroke of their lifetime. As National Stroke Awareness Month begins, specialists emphasize the position of modifiable threat components, equivalent to food plan and life-style, in stroke prevention. While genetics and age are non-modifiable components, 80% of strokes are preventable via modifications in food plan and life-style. With weight problems on the rise and diets changing into poorer worldwide, adopting more healthy diets just like the Mediterranean food plan and avoiding processed meals can considerably cut back stroke threat. The CDC additionally recommends not smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, exercising recurrently, and monitoring blood stress and blood sugar ranges.

Stroke incidence has risen 50% since 2005, with food plan and life-style enjoying key roles. Adopting more healthy habits can forestall 80% of strokes, emphasizing the significance of National Stroke Awareness Month.

Since 2005, the probabilities of having a stroke have elevated 50% worldwide, in accordance with the World Health Organization, whereas one other report, by the World Stroke Organization, states there are upwards of 12 million “new” strokes yearly. All advised, the info recommend that roughly one-in-four individuals globally might be anticipated to have a stroke throughout their lifetime.

These are sobering statistics to think about as we enter National Stroke Awareness Month, which started on May 1.

American Stroke Awareness

What is behind the rise in strokes?

A stroke — blockage of blood movement to the mind — might be attributable to a variety of various factors, and everybody has their very own particular threat components that will predispose them to a stroke, says May Nour, MD, PhD, an interventional neurologist and medical director of the UCLA Arline and Henry Gluck Stroke Rescue Program.

“In general, there are ‘modifiable’ risk factors and ‘non-modifiable’ risk factors. For example, genetics would be a non-modifiable risk factor. Some people are born with genes that have a higher predisposition to strokes, and for them it’s inherited,” Dr. Nour said.

That said, the vast majority of strokes are preventable with diet and other lifestyle changes. “These are the modifiable risk factors that can be customized to reduce a person’s risk,” Dr. Nour said. “Eighty percent of strokes are preventable,”

Reducing stroke risks

While age remains the most critical risk factor for stroke, diet also can play a significant role. “The incidence of obesity is increasing around the world, and the quality of our diets is decreasing,” says Dana Hunnes, PhD, adjunct assistant professor of community health sciences at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health and a clinical dietitian at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center.

She attributes the rise in stroke risks globally to the same factors that contribute to the global obesity crisis. “People are eating more processed foods. This is a global phenomenon,” Dr. Hunnes said.

Brain Stroke Risk Factors

Credit: UCLA Health

But unlike genes and age, diet is a modifiable risk factor. “There are many things that can potentially increase one’s risk for a stroke. A diet that is high in animal proteins or one that includes foods that are highly inflammatory increase stroke risk,” Dr. Hunnes said.

Altering our diets can go a long way toward reducing risk, said Kayla Kilani, a nurse manager with the UCLA Health Mobile Stroke Unit. “We want to stay away from overdoing the obvious things that can put us at high risk for a stroke, such as fast foods and sugar-filled snacks,” Kilani said. “I tell people to shop around the perimeter of the grocery store; that is where you tend to find the healthier items versus the processed foods that are in the center aisles and frozen food sections.”

Dr. Hunnes added that there are specific diets that are recommended to decrease stroke risks. “We know that the Mediterranean diet is probably one of the best diets out there for reducing risk of disease. Eating a diet that is rich in fresh vegetables and fruits and whole grains is one of the best things you can do to help reduce the risk of stroke,” Dr. Hunnes said.

In addition to eating a healthy diet, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends additional steps to reduce stroke risks:

  • Don’t smoke (or stop if you do)
  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • Exercise regularly
  • Monitor and control blood pressure
  • Monitor blood-sugar levels to control diabetes

Learn more about reducing stroke risks by visiting the UCLA Health Comprehensive Stroke Center.