Cleveland’s Urban Layout Has Evolved As Time and Technology Have Advanced

Cleveland, Ohio Satellite View Annotated

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April 16, 2020. (Click image for high-resolution view.)

Cleveland, Ohio, and its extensive suburban areas extend inland from Lake Erie in this somewhat oblique photo taken by an astronaut on the International Space Station (ISS). The city’s design has actually progressed as time and innovation have actually advanced. From the point of view of the ISS, various metropolitan communities and suburban areas have actually unique functions based the age when they were established and prepared.

Throughout the 1800s, many Clevelanders lived, worked, and strolled within the tight borders of Cleveland correct—today’s downtown location. The arrival of trams—very first horse-drawn, then electrical—enabled homeowners to survive on the borders however still keep a city way of life. By the early 1900s, neighborhoods like Lakewood grew from this streetcar-fueled rural transformation. The 1920s through 1940s led the way for the next excellent transport transformation and continuing rural advancement. With vehicles in style, neighborhoods like Seven Hills established even further from the metropolitan core.

In this image, streetcar-based suburban areas like Lakewood appear thick and grid-like, while automobile-based suburban areas (Seven Hills)—less worried with supporting a strolling population—are more extensive and have flourishes like cul-de-sacs.

As the city advanced, it ended up being an air travel center. When the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was looking for an area for a brand-new air travel lab, Cleveland was a leading option. This laboratory, now NASA Glenn Research Center, will commemorate the 80th anniversary of its groundbreaking on January 23, 2021. Beyond the primary school, NASA developed an innovative test center at Plum Brooke Station, 50 miles (80 kilometers) away on the edge of Lake Erie (out of the frame to the west). In December 2020, Plum Brooke was relabelled the Neil A. Armstrong Test Facility after the Ohio native, Moon-strolling astronaut, and previous Glenn staff member. This center is now playing an important function in evaluating the Orion spacecraft that will go back to the Moon in the Artemis program.

Astronaut photo ISS062-E-121292 was gotten on April 16, 2020, with a Nikon D5 digital electronic camera utilizing a 500 millimeter lens and is offered by the ISS Crew Earth Observations Facility and the Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, Johnson Space Center. The image was taken by a member of the Expedition 62 team. The image has actually been cropped and boosted to enhance contrast, and lens artifacts have actually been gotten rid of. The International Space Station Program supports the lab as part of the ISS National Lab to assist astronauts take photos of Earth that will be of the best worth to researchers and the general public, and to make those images easily readily available on the Internet. Additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts can be seen at the NASA/JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. Caption by Alex Stoken, Jacobs, JETS Contract at NASA-JSC.

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